It.s.ften called “piracy”. 48 While copyright is created the instance a work is fixed, generally the copyright holder can only get money damages if the owner registers the copyright. citation needed Enforcement of copyright is generally the responsibility of the copyright holder. 49 The act trade agreement, signed in May 2011 by the United States, Japan, Switzerland, and the EU, and which has not entered into force, requires that its parties add criminal penalties, including incarceration and fines, for copyright and trademark infringement, and obligated the parties to active police for infringement.

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